From Middle English warloghe, warlowe, warloȝe, Old English wǣrloga (“traitor, deceiver”, literally “truce breaker”), from West Proto-Germanic *wārulogō (“liar”), corresponds to Old English wǣr (“alliance, truce, pact, promise”) (from Proto-Indo-European *weh₁- (“true”); hence also the Latin vērus) + loga (“liar”), from West Proto-Germanic *logō, related to Old English lēogan (from which English is found). The hard ending -ck comes from Scottish and Northern English, as does the meaning of “male sorcerers” (from the idea that such men colluded with the devil and had therefore broken their baptismal vows/betrayed Christianity). Related to the Old Saxon wārlogo (“liar, infidel, or insidious”). In his day, mathematician John Napier was often perceived as a sorcerer or magician because of his interest in divination and the occult, although his established position probably prevented him from being prosecuted.   It is time to acquire a new dictionary. My seventh edition of the Concise Oxford Dictionary (1984) says that a sorcerer is a “tribal magician of primitive humans.” “Witchcraft,” it is said, perhaps more accurately, is witchcraft or the use of magic. Shortlisted for the 2021 Hessell Tiltman PEN Prize for HistoryNo-Obvious Book Award”Chris Gosden achieves the Holy Grail by bringing together the different narratives of magic, science, witchcraft and religion in an intellectual melting pot to forge a bold new intellectual story. This masterful work changes the discourse beyond one`s own discipline and stimulates radically new thinking. – Jury statement, PEN Hessell Tiltman Prize for the story “Revelation. Gosden argues convincingly that just because something is scientifically questionable doesn`t mean it`s not magically successful.
If a magical ritual can give us understanding and sensitivity to the world around us, has it failed? Indeed, what better way to bring about change in our time of ecological devastation than a philosophy that forces us to see the world as an extension of ourselves? – George Pendle, Air Mail. Gosden convincingly argues that magic, religion and science have always existed together, forming a “triple helix” of understanding that runs through the course of human history to the present day. In the face of the current climate crisis and inspired by discoveries in quantum physics, Gosden also makes a compelling case for a return to the kind of networked perspective that is at the heart of most magical traditions. A fascinating exploration of the influence of magic on the human imagination. – Sara Shreve, Library Journal (starred magazine) “Magic: A History is never less than fascinating. – Steve Donoghue, Open Letters Monthly”Sophisticated and extensive. Gosden`s meticulous account offers many fascinating perspectives on early human societies. Readers with a deep interest in human belief systems will be intrigued.
– Publishers Weekly “Huge and transformative. We need, Gosden argues with the wisdom of a sage on top of a mountain, a “new magic” for the 21st century. Frances Wilson, The Daily Mail (UK) “[Magic] is learned, accessible and expansive. Without an unfascinating side. [A] remarkable and infinitely interesting volume. – Stuart Kelly, The Scotsman (UK) “Fascinating, original and excellent, written with both narrative flair and deep science, it is the history of the world, from the steppes of Mongolia to the palaces of London and Paris from prehistory to the present day, told through the prism of magic that has always existed alongside and within religion itself. A thrilling ride of astonishing range, filled with colorful characters, shamans, witches and kings, esoteric rites and revealing explorations. An important and indispensable read, which is also a very entertaining historical treasure. – Simon Sebag Montefiore, author of The Romanovs: 1613–1918 “Impressive and desperately needed. Gosden masterfully presents the history of magic from a global perspective, allowing the reader to make fascinating connections between the traditions of different places and times.
– Violet Moller, author of The Map of Knowledge: A Thousand Year History of How Classical Ideas Were Lost and Found. Chris Gosden shows how magic explores the connections between humans and the universe in a way different from religion or science, but deserves respect. A masterful tale of the centrality of magic in many cultures, ancient and modern. – John Barton, author of A History of The Bible: The Book and Its Faiths”With his own magical touch, Chris Gosden brilliantly reveals the place of magic in human societies from the Ice Age to the present day on all inhabited continents. and shows how the practice of magic was a daily practice that connected the world of the dead to that of the living. David Abulafia, author of The Boundless Sea: A Human History of the Ocean”It is an extraordinary work of learning, written with an exhilarating lightness of touch. And it`s flexible: you can read it from start to finish, or just dive in, or both. Chris Gosden has followed the history of magical faith from the Paleolithic to modern times on every continent of the world. But it`s not just a work of archaeology and history: it has increasing relevance to our time as we witness the growth of the extreme cults and rebellious myths of the post-truth era.
This is essential reading. — Francis Pryor, author of Britain B.C. Chris Gosden`s Magic is an important contribution to an important but neglected topic. It should be read not only by archaeologists and anthropologists, but by anyone interested in the human condition. Barry Cunliffe, author of Europe Between the Oceans: 9000 BC to 1000 AD Find the answers online with Practical English Usage, your essential guide to problems in English. In any event, the Witchcraft Suppression Act of 1957 is intended to do just that, and it contains some rather interesting provisions. It seems that in 1957 it was a pretty serious thing to be called a wizard. Find out which words work together and create more natural English with the Oxford Collocations Dictionary app.
With severe penalties, by the way. Like what; Imprisonment of up to 20 years if the accused is considered a respected wizard. ↩ Join our community to access the latest language learning and assessment tips from Oxford University Press! Some authors suggest alternatively  a derivation from Old Norse varðlokkur (“incantations, spells”), literally “congregational songs”, but as the OED notes, this is due to the extreme rarity of the Norse word and because the forms without hard -k that agree with the etymology of Old English (“traitors”) are attested earlier than the forms with -k,  and forms with -ð- are not documented. Oxford archaeology professor explores the unique history of magic – the oldest and most neglected part of human behaviour and its resurgence today Three major streams of faith run through human history: Religion is the relationship with one god or gods, masters of our lives and destiny. Science takes us away from the world and turns us into observers and collectors of knowledge. And magic is a direct human participation in the universe: we have an influence on the world around us, and the world has an influence on us. Over the past few centuries, magic has developed a bad reputation thanks to the unsavory tactics of shady practitioners and a successful propaganda campaign by religion and science that has denigrated magic as backward, irrational, and “primitive.” In Magic, however, Chris Gosden, professor of archaeology at Oxford, puts magic back to its essential place in world history – revealing that it is an enduring element of human behavior that plays an important role for individuals and cultures.